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We know that understanding the Cannabis industry can be challenging. With the broad variety of uses, both medicinal and recreational, we elected to provide our clients (and everyone) with this informative Blog. So you can make informed decisions when it comes to your responsible consumption.

What are Cannabis Concentrates?

At The Medicine Box Cannabis Dispensary here in Kanesatake (Oka), we get asked all kinds of questions about our products. So we figured we’d make a little guide to help you explore the options that you will encounter when you visit a Medical or Recreational Marijuana Dispensary near you or online.

The world of cannabis concentrates can be confusing and overwhelming. It’s not as simple as just taking a bong hit, or smoking a joint, or eating some pot brownies if you really wanted something different.

Cannabis growing and processing is just as much science as it is an art. The new technologies and methods have made taken cannabis consumption to the next level. The new types of cannabis concentrates can be ingested by vaping, dabbing, or waxing among other methods.

The following guide is going to explain the different types of cannabis concentrates that are out on the market, how they are made, and what exactly do you do with them.

 (The following concentrate descriptions were adapted from the Sage Analytics “Guide to Concentrates” document. Sage Analytics equipment is used by The Medicine Box Dispensary to test their flower and independently labeled concentrate products for THC/CBD levels and Pesticides.)

KIEF

Kief is the pollen or “dust” on dried cannabis flower. It is made up of the resin glands found on the trichomes of cannabis flowers. These glands contain the terpenes and cannabinoids that bring a diversity of flavors and effects to various cannabis strains. Kief is commonly used to make hash, or you can collect kief in a grinder and sprinkle it onto ground cannabis for more potent consumption.

How is it made?

Extracting kief is simple. Using a three-chamber herb grinder will help you finely grind your cannabis while letting kief crystals fall through a screen and collect into a small compartment. Kief is also collected in bulk during trimming after each harvest. Manual sifting of kief through graded screens isolates trichome heads and improves kief purity.

What do you do with it?

· Sprinkle Kief Into a Joint or Roll a wax Joint

(lick the joint and roll the top 1/3 in the kief)

· Make hash

· Make moon rocks

· Press rosin

· Add potency to Cannabutter

Typical Potency Range

THC 20-60%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Moonrockets by Fukushima Roll Factory that are pre-rolled joints dipped in Kief.

 

HASH

Hash, also known as Hashish. It is a concentrate made by compression of the plant’s resin. The powdery kief that coats your cannabis flowers can be collected and pressed together to form hash, or solvents like ice water or ethanol may be used to more effectively strip the plant of their cannabinoid-loaded crystals.

How is it made?

To learn how hash is made, check this link out. (https://youtu.be/aGm1Ssq9u2s)

What do you do with it?

· Consume orally as a solid

· Infuse into a beverage such as the traditional Indian drink bhang.

· Smoke, either on its own or as a way to accompany traditional cannabis flowers.

· Vaporize on a hot surface, otherwise known as dabbing.

Typical Potency Range

THC 40+%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers a few choices of Hash as full time menu options.

BHO (Butane Hash Oil)

BHO, or butane hash oil, is an extremely potent concentrate popularly consumed for dabbing and other vaporization methods. Cannabinoids are drawn out of the plant through butane extraction, which leaves behind a wax that will either maintain its sticky consistency or harden up, resulting in a crumbly “honeycomb” or a glasslike shatter. This method was popularized due to the ability to extract some terpenes along with the primary cannabinoids. Always be sure that your oil is lab-tested for purity, as improperly purged BHO may contain traces of butane.

How is it made?

https://cannabistutorials.com/make-bho-butane-hash-oill

What do you do with it?

· Make Shatter

· Make Wax

· Make Crumble

· Vaporize it so you can “do a dab”

Typical Potency Range

THC 60-90%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers BHO as it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

HASH, ICE WATER HASH,

COLD WATER HASH, FULL MELT

The grandaddy of concentrates for the older crowd, bubble hash has begun to wane in popularity as stronger concentrates with more advanced technology take over dispensary shelves. As with butane, C02 and rosin extraction, making bubble hash involves separating THC from plant matter, but instead of using a solvent like butane or CO2, this process uses ice water.

How is it made?

The most common way to make bubble hash is by putting the marijuana in mesh bags and then filtering a mixture of the plant matter, ice and water through them until a slurry collects at the bottom. After it dries, you have bubble hash.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXsfCBogMmw

What do you do with it?

· Crumble it over a bowl

· Roll it into bars

· Mix it into joints.

Typical Potency Range

THC 40-80%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Full Melt Hash when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

PHO (Propane Hash Oil)

Concentrate derived from a propane-based extraction is referred to as Propane Hash Oil, or PHO for short. The process of propane extraction is very similar to butane extraction, the primary difference is simply swapping butane for propane. Propane extractions run at higher pressures, stripping different ratios of plant waxes and oils than butane which, depending on the strain, can deliver less residuals and higher levels of terpene preservation. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane, which allows for a lower purging temperature for PHO and results in the buddery consistency as opposed to shatter.

How is it made?

https://yo utu.be/ugKaUwkG2Yw

What do you do with it?

· Make budder

· Make wax

· Make crumble

· Vaporize it so you can “do a dab”

Typical Potency Range

THC 60-90%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers PHO as it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

SHATTER

Shatter is the common name for the stable and glass-like concentrates that more than likely will break into many pieces when dropped on a hard surface. Some shatter has some adhesive properties to it, while other kinds will be smooth to the touch. A lot of people try to find shatter because its crystalline nature implies purity. Heat, moisture, and high terpene contents can also affect the texture, turning oils into a runnier substance that resembles sap (hence the commonly used nick name”sap”). Oils with a consistency that falls somewhere between glassy shatter and viscous sap are often referred to as “pull-and-snap.”

How is it made?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TgjDwFjgVWc

What do you do with it?

-Vaporize it so you can “do a dab”

Typical Potency Range

THC 80-90%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Shatter from House of Glass, West Coast Concentrates, Sticky Zoo and house brand options.

BUDDER

Budder, a wax-concentrate variety is typically extracted with hydrocarbons, budder is made by using a chemical solvent to ”blast” through marijuana to extract the THC, which is then “purged” with heat and air pressure to remove the solvent. The same broad process is used to create shatter and crumble wax, but the results are very different.

How is it made?

Budder wax is made when the extracted cannabinoids begin to crystalize after being agitated during the extraction process. By purging it at a higher temperature or whipping it like a batter in the middle or at the end of purging, a shatter-like concentrate can turn into the waxy substance. Delicately but intently whipping the concentrate and maintaining a specific purging process can create beautiful, fluffy varieties of budder, but it doesn’t make it more potent.

What do you do with it?

· Vape it

· Dab it or

· Wax it

Typical Potency Range

THC 60-80%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Budder when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

WAX

Cannabis wax refers to the softer, opaque oils that have lost their transparency after extraction. Unlike those of transparent oils, the molecules of cannabis wax crystallize as a result of agitation. Light can’t travel through irregular molecular densities, and that refraction leaves us with a solid, non-transparent oil.

How is it made?

To make wax, marijuana buds are packed into tubes and then blasted with butane. The exposure to butane extracts the hash oil. For the safety of the user, the excess butane must then be evaporated. Lastly, oils are purged with heat. The substance left behind looks like wax, hence the name.

For many reasons, this is not a process you should try at home. Butane gas in highly flammable, and without proper ventilation, a chemical explosion is always a possibility.

https://youtu.be/zOmuOTEAPG4

What do you do with it?

-Vaporize it so you can “do a dab”

Typical Potency Range

THC 60-80%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Wax when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

CRUMBLE

Crumble wax is made with a procedure very similar to those that create shatter and budder, but the pre-purged oils used for crumble generally have more moisture, a different temperature and a thicker consistency, which help create the wax’s l crumbling, cheese-like body after the purging process.

How is it made?

A popular way to make wax into crumble is purging for a longer time at a lower heat, which preserves more terpenes and makes for a better-tasting concentrate.

Crumble wax is difficult to handle, so it’s often a less desired concentrate than shatter and budder, but it’s still the preferred option of many tokers.

https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=VBg HAoV7srg

What do you do with it?

Typical Potency Range

THC 60-90+%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Crumble when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

LIVE RESIN

Live resin concentrates are made with the same extraction methods as those listed above, but live resin carries more intense, complex smells and flavors then traditional waxes, shatters and oils. Why? Instead of extracting from dried trim or cured buds, live resin is run with plants that are cryogenically frozen right after harvest – preserving oils, cannabinoids and terpenes that are generally lost during the curing and aging processes.

How is it made? 

https://youtu.be/AQmkxiTlaSQ

What do you do with it?

Drop it in your vape pen or dab it

Typical Potency Range 

THC 60-80% but high terpene content

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Live Resin From London Donovan Extracts.

CO2 Oil

Hot on the market is CO2 oil, a concentrate made possible by expensive botanical extractors that use pressure and carbon dioxide to separate plant material. This method, called supercritical fluid extraction, is one of the most effective ways of reducing cannabis to its essential compounds. The amber oil it produces can be vaporized in a variety of ways, one of the most popular being portable vaporizer pens. Among the industry’s best sellers are disposable cartridges containing CO2 oil and a medical-grade solvent like polypropylene glycol, which gives the oil its liquid consistency.

How is it made?

https://youtu.be/fYMCA_Tg_vk

What do you do with it?

Smoke it using a vaporizer pen

Typical Potency Range

THC 25-70% when pure

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Co2 cartridges and disposable Vape pens from London Donovan Extracts.

ROSIN

Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to nearly instantaneously squeeze resinous sap from your initial starting material. The term “rosin” originated as a method of making a product used to lubricate violin bows. With cannabis, this method is incredibly versatile in that it can either be used with flowers or to clean up hash and kief into a full-melt hash oil. The result is a translucent. sappy, and sometimes shatter-like product. If executed correctly, rosin can rival the flavor, potency. yield of other solvent-based extraction products.

How is it made?

Rosin has quickly risen in popularity on the underground scene because of how easy it is to make. Producing rosin at home only requires some nugs, a hair straightener and parchment paper. The heat and pressure of the hair straightener pushes the resin glands out of the buds onto the paper, leaving pools of THC oil that produce potent dabs.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?v=SQVogwcVStc

What do you do with it?

Dab it

Typical Potency Range

THC 50-70%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers Rosin when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

RSO (Rick Simpson Oil) aka Phoenix Tears

In 2003 a man named Rick Simpson treated his skin cancer using a homemade remedy made from cannabis. By soaking the cannabis in pure naphtha or isopropyl alcohol, the therapeutic compounds are drawn out of the plant, leaving behind a tar-like liquid after the solvent fully evaporates. Also known as Phoenix Tears, Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) can be orally administered or applied directly to the skin. Many other businesses now sell their own renditions of the Rick Simpson Oil, some of which are high in THC while others contain only non-psychoactive compounds like CBD.

How is it made?

https://yo utu.be/KZXGH6mYr3Y

What do you do with it?

· Put it in edibles

· Eat it as is

· Put it in capsules

· Not great for smoking, vaping or dabbing

Typical Potency Range

THC 20-70%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers RSO from Miss Envy Botanicals and Baked Rx Edibles.

CBD ISOLATE

CBD isolate is what it sounds like: the extraction of CBD from the cannabis plant so that the subsequent product is” pure” CBD. Companies that do this use some kind of extraction process, likely CO2. They remove unwanted plant material from the extraction.

To active that CBD, the extraction will be decarboxylated, or heated so that the acidic form of the cannabinoid (CBD a) will convert to the non-acidic form (CBD). The final product is quite beautiful. CBD isolate will look like snowy, white crystals.

How is it made?

https://youtu.be/oa-HfwJCqTg

What do you do with it?

At this point, the substance can be consumed directly; since it has already been decarbed, it does not need to be smoked, vaped, or dabbed, although you can ingest it this way. It can be added to a drink, infused in cooking, or even applied topically.

Typical Potency Range

CBD 90-99%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers CBD Isolate from Miss Envy Botanicals.

DISTILLATES

Distillates are made through a process called molecular distillation. Distilling hash requires taking winterized concentrates – butane or C02 hash oil refined with alcohol or ethanol and then chilled at extreme temperatures – and then distilling them to concentrate the THC Further. Commercial extractors use a machine called a “wiped film evaporator,” which takes advantage of the different boiling points in cannabinoids to thermally separate them.

The process is repeated to remove any impurities, such as leftover solvents or lipids, in the concentrate. The result: a clear, odorless concentrate virtually free of solvents. Distillation can take BHO or CO2 oil to make it 85 percent THC potency.

How is it made?

Distillates use an extraction process called “short path distillation” sometimes referred to as “molecular separation” that separates and refines molecules and contaminants to create a clean, almost clear concentrate. Other extraction methods don’t produce nearly the same purity level or variety of uses as this technique, making it highly regarded as a “top-shelf” concentrate. The percentage of THC {Tetrahydr0cannabinol) and CBD {Canna- bidiol} in the distillate depends on the strain of cannabis or hemp trim used in your cannabis extraction process. Your cannabis or hemp trim needs to be turned into winterized BHO [Butane Hash Oil] or winterized CO2 Oil concentrates through an extraction process before you can begin distilling.

What do you do with it?

Dab it.

Typical Potency Range

THC 70-95%

The Medicine Box Medicinal Dispensary offers THC Distillate from London Donovan Extracts.

THC ISOLATE / Crystalline

THC a Crystalline was developed as a means of delivering large, quantifiable doses THCa and is known as the purest isolate anywhere on the market testing at 99-100%. This pure THC a converts to THC when vaped and creates a clear and highly cerebral effect, or remains nonpsychoactive when ingested.

How is it made?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8yjnVcrHBY

What do you do with it?

Dab it if you want to get high

Ingest it with food or drink if you don’t want the psychoactive “stoned” effect

Typical Potency Range

THC 90-99%

The Medicine Box Dispensary offers THC Crystalline when it becomes available through our network of craft growers and processors.

Solvent vs. Solventless Extractions

There are two main categories in cannabis concentrates: solvent and solvent less extraction. A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solid, resulting in a liquid solution. Popular solvents include: butane, propane, propane, CO2 and alcohol. Although water is technically a solvent, ice-water extractions are typically classified a non-solvent extraction in the cannabis world. Solvent less extractions do not introduce any foreign substances (except for water).

Many people refer to concentrates by their consistency, i.e. shatter, border or wax. However, the consistency of a concentrate alone does not indicate which extraction technique was used.

Solvent-based extractions typically produce concentrates that are known as oil. If made properly, this means the concentrate will be free of plant matter (also known as Contaminate). These oils will melt and vaporize to nothing — meaning very minimal residue will remain on the nail if dabbed, for instance. The consistency of solvent-based Cannabis concentrates varies greatly based on a few factors: strain of cannabis, grow Conditions, curing environment, extraction technique, solvent used, purging process and equipment used all play a role in the final product.

It’s your responsibility as a thoughtful consumer to inquire from your budtender about. The starting material and extraction process used in your favorite concentrate, so you can make the best decision about which concentrate is right for you.

The Medicine Box Dispensary is located at 433 St Michel in Kanesatake (Oka), Quebec and is 45 minutes North-West of Montreal. It offers a wide range of concentrates and extractions from craft growers, processors and established producers. Talk to our experienced budtenders to find out which product and method of consumption suits your needs.

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